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智慧社會讓生活更美好

2019-05-23 15:08 来源:糗事百科

  智慧社會讓生活更美好

  BRAZZAVILLE,June13(Xinhua)--ChinastoppoliticaladvisorWangYangpaidanofficialvisittotheRepublicofCongofromMondaessoonWednesdaymorning,Wang,chairmanoftheNationalCommitteeoftheChinesePeoplesPoliticalConsultativeConference(CPPCC),firstlyconveyedChinesePresidentXiJinpingtherdevelopmentofbilateraltiesandChina-AfricatieswithSassouNguessoduringtheupcomingBeijingSummitoftheForumonChina-AfricaCooperation(FOCAC)sstatevisittoChinain2016,thetwocountriesliftedbilateraltiestothecomprehensivestrategicpartnershipofcooperation,,thefirststopofhisfirstoverseasvisitsincehetookofficeinMarchthisyear,showedtheimpotherscoreinterestsandissuesofmajorconcernsandcloselycoordinatedoninternationalandregionalissuessoastosafeguardcommoninterests,,boostpoliticalmutualtrustandfocusoncooperationoftheBeltandRoadInitiativewiththeRepublicofCongointhehopeofjointlybuildingaChina-Africacommunitywithasharedfuture,"afirmfriendofChina,"SassouNguessosaidhiscountryspokehighlyoftheBeltandRoadInitiativeandtheconceptofbuildingacommunitywithasharedfutureforhumanity,FOCACBeijingSu,presidentoftheSenateoftheRepublicofCongo,onTuesday,cofCongoundertheleadershipofPresidentSassouNguesso,saidWang,addingthatChinafirmlysupportstheRepublic(CPC)heldlastOctoberestablishedXiJinpingThoughtonSocialismwithChineseCharacteristicsforaNewEraasalong-termguidingprinciplefortheCPCandthethoughtwancewiththeCongolesePartyofLaborsoastomaketheparty-to-partycooperationforgeasolidfoundationforthecomprehensivestrategicpartnershipofcooperationbetweenthetwocountries,RepublicofCongotopromotethesynergyofbothcountries,NgolosaidrecentyearshavewitnessedgreatchangesinhiscountryandhugeimprovementofpeopleslivelihoodthankstothecountrytheleadershipofPresidentXi,ptofbuildingacommunitywithasharedfutureforhumanity,tconceptswiththeCPC,whiletheSenatestandsreadytobea"propeller"oftiesbetweenChinaandtheRepublicofCongosoastomakenewcontributiontobilateralties,,speakeroftheNationalAssemblyandClementMouamba,primeminister,Wangsaidbothcountrieshavemadefruitfulcooperationintheareasofinfrastructuralconstruction,energyandresourcesdevelopment,ocountries,createasoundenvironmentforbilateralcooperation,promotecooperationinareasimportanttopeopleslivelihoodandshareexperienceonpoverty-eradication,publicofCongo,justlikeChinasYangtzeRiverandtheCongoRiver,rtduringtheircountry,capitaloftheRepublicofCongo,WangalsovisitedjointcooperationprojectsincludingademonstrationvillagehostingtheChina-aided"AccesstoSatelliteTVfor10,000AfricanVillagesProject"atthevillageofKintele,,从近年数据可以看出,2017年是中国智能手机市场的一个拐点,智能手机销量开始萎缩。

Britain’snewestroyalMeghan,theDuchessofSussex,willjoinQueenElizabethon,whomarriedthemonarch’sgrandsoninaglitteringceremonyatherWindsorCastlehomelastmonth,ng,Thursday’svisitwillbemoretypicaloftheengagementsthattheformerAmericanactress,astaroftheTVdrama“Suits”,,92andMeghan,36,willfirstofficiallyopentheMerseyGatewayBridge,anewtollbridgeovertheRiverMerseyandoneoftheUK’,alibrary,theatreandcinemacomplexinthecity,andtowatchadanceperformanceandlistentoso,Harry’sofficeannouncedthattheprinceandMeghanwouldtraveltoAustralia,Fiji,DAMASCUS,June13(Xinhua)--SyrianPresidentBasharal-AssadsaidinaninterviewairedlateWednesdaythatIsraesagencySANA,Assadsaidthatsofartherearenoact-,butthe"AmericansandIsraelispreventedit."Therebel-heldareasinthesouthernprovincesofDaraaandQunaiterawillbefacingtwooptions:eitherasettlementbasedonanagreementwiththearmedgroupsoramilitaryshowdown,fromsouthernSyriatoaccepttheagreement,whichwillseethereturnoftheSyrianarmytotherebel-heldareasinDaraa,nearJordan,andQunaitera,ettlementinthesouth,addingthattsremarkscameasaRussian-mediatedagreementwassaidtohavebeendiscussedwithIsraelandtheUnitedStatestosettlethesituationinsouthernSyriawithoutbattles,,whorefusetoreconcilewiththegovernment,torebel-heldareasinnorthernSyria,whilethemilitantswhowanttostaymusthandovertheirweaponsandembarkonareconciliationprocesswiththegovernment.

  WelcometoBeijingWebsiteInternational().ThiswebsiteissponsoredbythePeople,organizationsandindividualswhohaveinterestsinBeijingsdevelopmentandthoseforeignfriendswhocurrentlystudy,workandtravelinBeijingwithcomprehensive,accurateandtimelyinformationforwork,,arkforthePeoplearkertotheBeijingWebsiteInternationalhomepageandnotasaformofendorsementorapprovalfromBeijingWebsiteInternational,theOfficeofCitizenServicesandCommunications,,youdoitinanappropriatecontextasaservicetoyourcustomerswh"BeijingWebsiteInternational,thePeoplesGovernmentofBeijingMunicipalityofficialwebportal."WealsoencourageyoutolinktoChineseVersion(),theofficialChinesewebportalofthePeople:Selectoneobrowsers"SaveImageas"or"SavePictureas"command.FamilybondwithChinapersistsforsixgenerationsRecently,theFleyinWuhan,CentralChina,,,HaworthwasinvitedtothestageatCivicAuditorium,especiallyintheOpticsValleywherehecanseemoreforeignfacesthanever.“"HaworthvisitedWuhanforthefir,Hawort,theHaworthfamilyhasbeenconnectedwithChinaforsixgenerations,thatis,,H,"whenyouweretwo,,youknowthat"ThefirstpagesofhisgrandmothersgrandmothersgrsfatheralsotoldhimthathisgrandmothersnephewusedtohaveextensivebusinesslinkswithChinainthe1990s,whenthereformofmarketeconomyjuststartedinChina."IhavebeentomanyothercitiesinChina,,theinvestmentenvironmentandtherichresourceoftalentsfromuniversities,"saidHaworth.""HaworthalsosaidhehopesthathischildrencancometoChina,learnChinese,andcarryonthefamilytieswithChina."Itwillbetheirhugeadvantageinthefuture."

  ConstructionworkersremoveabillboardfromtheroofofabuildingnearTiantanParkinBeijingonNov28.[Photo/Xinhua]TheBeijingcitymanagementauthorityislimitingthenumberandplacementofsignsonbuildingsinorderto"createanurbanskylinethatisvisuallyclearandbright",,,therecanbeonlyonesignwithabuildingsnameonthethirdorhigherstories,ands16districtswilllaunchanenforcementcampaign,thenotificationsaid,andanyfailurebyinstitutionsandindividualstoremove"noncompliant",nearly9,,000signsandbillboardsthatarenon-compliantacrossthecapital,thenewspaperquote,700sig,havingremovedalmost2,willinspectthecapital"roadbyroad",someworriedthatitwillbedifficultforthemtofindtheirdestinations."Sometimes,whenIamlookingforfriendsIhavemadeanappointmentwith,Icaneasilyletthemknowmyexactlocationbytellingthemwhatsignisovermyhead,"saidZhangZhenyu,tlikethefeelingofwalkingnearbuildingswithsignsovertheroofs."Someofthesignsorbillboardshavebeenthereforyearsandtheymayfalldown,"thenetizencommentedonWeibo.Chinastopeconomicplanningagencyhascoordinatedwithmajornaturalgassupplierstosecureadequateies,,,,billioncubicmeterscomingfromthetransition,saidXuBo,asenioranalystwithChinaNationalPetroleumCorptoarecordhighof9,000yuan($1,361)ametrictononDec1insomeregions,,Hebeiissuedanorangealertfornaturalgassupplies,ontimeandtheheatingwasnotworkinginsomeschools,,Quyangcountysaidall11schoolsthathadadelayhavestartedheatingtemporarilywith"cleancoal".

中国搜索顺应全球新一轮科技革命的新潮流,以努力建设世界一流搜索引擎为追求,以创新驱动和媒体融合发展为理念,以拓展互联网+应用服务为引领,以更好地满足国家、社会、大众需求为导向,运用大数据、云计算、物联网、智能化等信息化新技术,增强市场竞争力和社会影响力,集聚媒体融合传播正能量新能量,着力体现国家搜索的权威性、公正性、互动性、精准性,不断提升用户满意度和优化用户个性体验。

  ThehardlineinteriorministersofAustria,GermanyandItalyhaveformedan“axisofthewilling”tocombatillegalimmigration,AustrianChancellorSebastianKurzsaidWednesday,erHorstSeehofermarksashotacrossthebowatChancellorAngelaMerkel,whois—whoislockedinanopenmigrationfeudwithMerkelthatisthreateningthestabilityofhercoalitiongovernment—saidthatheandhisfar-rightAustrianandItaliancounterparts,HerbertKicklandMatteoSalvini,“issuesofsecurityandterrorism,”hesaid,,whosecountryassumestheEU’srotatingpresidencyonJuly1,saidhewelcomedthe“goodcooperationthatwewanttodevelopbetweenRome,ViennaandBerlin.”“IthinkitmarksverysensiblecooperationthatwillcontributetoreducingillegalmigrationtoEurope,”KurztoldreportersataconvivialnewsconferencewithSeehofer,inmar,widelyseenasEurope’smostprominentproponentofagenerousrefugeepolicy,hasfirmlyrejectedaplanputforwardbySeehofertoturnbackat,whoonMondayfl,,SeehoferinsistedWednesdaythathewascommittedtostrikingacompromisewithMerkelthisweek,ritydeplet,vowingtotackleillegalimmigration,anissuethatalsopropelledapopulistalliancetopowerinItaly.

  CybersecurityremainsamajorproblemforChinaaselectronicattacksarefrequentworldwideandwithnoendinsight,,,mostofthemfromoverseas,accordingtotheNationalComputerNetworkEmergencyResponseTechnicalTeamandCoordinationCenter,thecountry,,,and"itcanbeclearlyseenthatoursecuritysituationisstillweak,"saidLiJia,deputydirectoroftheauthoritysoperationsdepartment,,hesaid,"thedamagetousandourStatesecuritywillbehuge-beyondourimagination".Nationalsecurityandbusinesshacksareonlypartoftheproblem,homes,,theauthoritysharesinformationaboutsecurityrisksonitsofficialsocialmediaplatformsandwebsiteinatimelymanner,Lisaid."Wellreportsecurityvulnerabilitiesthatmaythreatenthenationsnetworktooursuperiors,,wellalertthemandhelpfixthem,"andregions."Ofthose,26havesignedcybersecuritymemorandumswithus,",secretary-generaloftheCybersecurityAssociationofChina,saidcooperationbetweengovernmentsandenterprisesshouldbeincreased."Ascybersecuritybecomesanational-levelstrategy,ourabilityandskillsagainstcyberthreatswillbeeffectivelyboosted,andrelatedcampaignswillbeeasiertodevelop,",vice-presidentoftheChinaInformationSecurityResearchInstitute,saidcooperationbetweencountriesissometimeshardtoaccomplishbecauseofdifferentunderstandingsofcybersecurityandvaryinglevelsofinterest."Itsgoodtoseethatsomenationsrealizetheseriousnessofcyberattacksandarewillingtotalkwithus,"hesaid."Buttalkingandreachingconsensuswilltaketime."Chinastopeconomicplanningagencyhascoordinatedwithmajornaturalgassupplierstosecureadequateies,,,,billioncubicmeterscomingfromthetransition,saidXuBo,asenioranalystwithChinaNationalPetroleumCorptoarecordhighof9,000yuan($1,361)ametrictononDec1insomeregions,,Hebeiissuedanorangealertfornaturalgassupplies,ontimeandtheheatingwasnotworkinginsomeschools,,Quyangcountysaidall11schoolsthathadadelayhavestartedheatingtemporarilywith"cleancoal".

  Thecarnivaloffers11typesofwintersportsandrelatedactivitiesinthreezonesspanning70,000squaremetersbothinandoutsidethestadium,betterknownastheBirdsNest,,organizershaveexpandedtheparticipationareathisyear,addingan800-sq-mcurlingrink,a1,500-sq-martificialicerinkthatcanbereassembledel,thevenueisinceitopenedinthismonth."Lastyearitwasalittlebitcrowdedontheweekends,sman-made,itreallyintrigueskids,",assistantgeneralmanageroftheNationalStadium,saidvisitornumbershavebeenbeyondexpectations."Althoughweexpandedoursiteandextendedouroperationsbyopeningsessionsatnight,wewerestillrunningfarbeyondourcapacityduringthefirstcoupleofdays,"hesaid."Itsasweetheadache,really,sowehavetofurtheroptimizethelayouttoallowmoreactivitiesinsideandtoexplorenewspacesinthesquaresoutside,"spost-Olympicprojects,,suchastheInternationalSkiFederationFreestyleSkiingWorldCupandtheAirandStyleSnowboardingContest,($17)atweekdaysand160yuanonweekends,andthisyear,apreferentialpolicyhasbeenadoptedthatoffersfreee,thefirst10childrencheckingineverydaywillbegivenfreeskiinglessonsontheartificialsnowtrails,guidedbytheformernationalcross-countryskiingchampionXuWenlong."Comparedwithbiggerresortsinremotecitysuburbs,hereweprovideaccessibletrainingonpeoplesaneffectivewaytoallowskiingtocatchonwithmorepeopleattheentrylevel,"saidXu,whowonmultiplecross-countrytitlesatthe12thNationalWinterGamesin2012.

  Morethan30milliontouristsareexpectedintheXinjiangUygurautonomousregionthiswinter,betweenNovemberandApril,,drawntotheregionssnow-cappedsceneryanddiverseculturalattractions,areexpectedtospendabout18billionyuan($).WinterisbecomingapopulartimetovisitXinjiang,whichbordersRussia,Kazakhstan,,accordingtoGulAblim,deputydirectoroftheregionstourismadministration."ThelengthoftheseasonsupportsalotofskiresortsinthevalleysoftheTianshanMountainsnorthernslopes."Inaddition,winterinXinjiangismilderthanthatinNortheastChina,whichmeansitssuitedtoawiderrangeofagesanddifferentphysicalconditions,",generalmanagerofth,recommendedwintertouristsvisitresortslikeTianchiLakeneartheTianshanMountainsandKanasLakeinnorthernXinjiangsgeographicandclimaticadvantages,Chensaiditsdeserts,ancientSilkRoadrelicsandthemixofethnicgroupssuchasUygur,HuiandKazakaddtoitsattractions.BEIJING,June14(Xinhua)--China,slowerthanthe7-percentriseinthepreviousmonthbutstillfasterthanthe6-percentincreaseinMarch,,,flatwiththatofthefirstfourmonths,,officiallycalledindustrialvalueadded,isusedtomeasuretheactivityofdesignatedlargeenterpriseswithannualturnoverofatleast20millionyuan().Abreakdownofthedatashowedtheproductionandsupplyofelectricity,thermalpower,,,,informationtechnology,andbusinessservicesmaintainedrobustincreases.

  同时,美联储将超额准备金利率(IOER)提高20个基点。

  ThesayinggoesamongretireesintheCaoyangneighborhoodofShanghaisPutuodistrictthatthehighestyieldperunitoflandinPudongisalwaysthenextplotofwastelandtobeconstructed,,constructedin1951,wasChinasfirst"newvillageforworkers"-aresidentialcommunityofmatchboxapa,suchas"modellaborer"and"advancedworker",wereallowedtoliveintheapartments,,oreastoftheHuangpuRiver,hadbeenasynonymofcountrysidefortheseseniorlocalssincePuxi,orwestoftheriver-whichdividedShanghaiintotwoparts-wasoccupiedbyWesterncolonialistsinthemid-19thcentury,,Caoyang,onceahigh-endcommunity,rkersinPudongmanufacturesatellites,airplanesandengines,saidPeiLei,aself-employedthirty-somethingelectronicengineerinPudongfromMaanshan,Anhuiprovince."TheHuangpuRiverseemslikeaboundarymarkingtheolddaysandthefutureofShanghaisindustrialdevelopment,",whichattractsyoungskilledworkersthroughaseriesoffavorablepolicies,providedhousing,,doublethatofPudong."IamproudtoworkinthefirstmatrixofChinaslargestandtheworldsthird-largestsynchrotronradiationlightsource,"saidHeYou,aresearcherinShanghaiSynchrotronRadiationFacility,,000timesthatofcommonX-rays,makingitpossibletodiscernthestructureofevenavirusandamicrostructureofsomematerials,Hesaid,explainingthefacilityassimplyashecould."Itislikeasupermicroscope,,,"Hesaid."go,andallofthemhavesuccessfullybeensenttospace,andworkedwell,"saidYuYingjie,earch,globalpositioning,atmosphericpollutionandclimatechangeresearch,andquantumcommunication.",devicesandassemblyunits,soastopromotetheupgradingofthewholeindustrialchainrelatedtothesatelliteengineering,",,23,anemployeeofthecompany,said:"Idreamofmakingarobotthatcanhelpthepeople,,fromelectricalmachinerytosteeringengineandcontroller."Halfayearaftergraduatingfromcollege,Xuhashadhisownteam,,withitsopenandhealthybusinessenvironment,high-qualitypublicservicesandsolidindustrialfoundation,attractsyoungtalentlikemagnets,saidZhangWeiwei,directoroftheChinaInstituteofFudanUniversityinShanghai.",oneofthemostvaluableassets,laysasolidfoundationforShanghaitoboostfurtherdevelopmentoftheseindustries."

  Chinastopeconomicplanningagencyhascoordinatedwithmajornaturalgassupplierstosecureadequateies,,,,billioncubicmeterscomingfromthetransition,saidXuBo,asenioranalystwithChinaNationalPetroleumCorptoarecordhighof9,000yuan($1,361)ametrictononDec1insomeregions,,Hebeiissuedanorangealertfornaturalgassupplies,ontimeandtheheatingwasnotworkinginsomeschools,,Quyangcountysaidall11schoolsthathadadelayhavestartedheatingtemporarilywith"cleancoal".ButavisitearlierthisweektoEastChinasAnhuiprovince,whichisamongthetopinlandareasforoutwardmigration,showedthatontheothersideofthecountryseconomicboo,alargemunicipal-levelcitylocatedatmorethan200kilometerstothenorthwestofprovincialcapitalHefei,,,forinstance,moreth,inadjacentDongzhou,ofthesettlements65residents,,chairwomanoftheFuyangWomensFederation,alocalbody,saysthemigrantsmostlymovetowealthierprovincessuchasZhejiangandJiangsu,alsointheeast,andShanghai,workinglow-leveljobsinmanufacturing,services,,179,000childrenundertheageof18havebeenleftbehindhere,hindwiveswhosehusbandshadmigratedfromAnhuiandotherprovincessuchasSichuan,Henan,Guizhou,,en."The2016surveyconsidersthelegalworkingageofyoungChineseandoffamilieswherebothparentshavemigrated,"GuosaysofthedifferencesbetweenthenewcentralgovernmentstudyandACWFlreachesofrelativelyaffluentplacessuchasChongqingandGuangdongprovince.

  

  智慧社會讓生活更美好

 
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浙江推进“机器换人”,哪些“饭碗”已经被机器人抢了?

2019-05-23 08:31 | 国搜头条 | 手机看国搜 | 打印 | 收藏 |评论 | 扫描到手机
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核心提示:当前“机器换人”所涉范围,已不局限于工业制造业,一些服务领域的人工岗位也开始被机器人劳动者悄然替代。

近日,浙江大学附属第一医院引进了一个医疗智能机器人,名叫“棠宝”。新华社发

新华社北京5月1日消息:五一节,劳动者的节日。与此同时,一种“机器人劳动者”正日益引发社会关注。工信部官网显示:浙江率先推进机器换人,计划自2013年起4年多时间,每年实施5000个机器换人项目,实现5000亿元机器换人投资。浙江省经信委副主任凌云称该项目至2015年已累计减少普通劳动工人近200万人;安徽正抓紧推进“‘机器换人’十百千工程”;广东、山东等地则都在自身具备比较优势的产业领域大力推动“机器换人”,已有不少人工岗位被机器人劳动力替代。

机器换人遍地开花

业内专家称,当前我国机器人制造技术日趋成熟,促进经济结构转型的改革需要、用工成本高以及用工难等因素,共同推动各界对机器人劳动力的期待。

在深圳雷柏科技的生产车间,生产线的主角不是一排排工人,而是一列列灵活翻转的机械手臂。通过研发智能自动化体系,雷柏科技直接生产员工数量从十多年前高峰期的3200多人,减少到现在的800多人,每年节约大量费用支出。

据悉,从2005年开始,雷柏遭遇“用工荒”,人力成本上涨。2011年,雷柏一口气购买了75台工业机器人,人力成本骤降。“以键盘组装为例。现在一条生产线上,5名工人通过管理机器人就可以完成之前100人的工作量。”雷柏机器人运营管理部经理刘慈平说。

根据广东东莞市经信局的数据,2014年9月至2016年10月,东莞“机器换人”专项资金项目申报共1485个,预计可减少8.7万工人。

机器人大大降低了企业人工成本。总部位于浙江绍兴的三力士公司,在投入建设“无人车间”后,仅人工成本就节省了1000多万元,占当年公司净利润的7%左右。

哪些工作更可能被抢?

记者了解到,当前“机器换人”所涉范围,已不局限于工业制造业,一些服务领域的人工岗位也开始被机器人劳动者悄然替代。

小i机器人创始人、董事长袁辉告诉记者,2015年,中国建设银行把客服机器人用于呼叫中心,当年就取代了大量员工。“还有很多银行、运营商、电商甚至地方政府都在开始运用机器人。”袁辉说。

北京航空航天大学智慧制造研究院院长王田苗认为,机器人技术将广泛应用于工业制造、服务领域,以及智能汽车、无人机等方面。

山东临沂申通业务总监吴礼华介绍,为提高效率及避免暴力分拣,目前,临沂申通配备了320台智能分拣机器人,每小时可以处理1.8万个5公斤以内的包裹,准确率基本达到100%。同等工作量所需人工由150人降为30人,削减岗位达80%之多。

江苏常州火凤凰永动型消防灭火机器人公司推出了一款名为“火凤凰”的耐高温消防机器人。公司总经理任曲波介绍,这款机器人除了耐高温,还可以进行毒气探测,能代替消防员进入高危火场、爆炸、有毒环境,执行关闭阀门等任务,降低事故现场的二次爆炸概率。

中国机器人产业联盟理事长曲道奎博士说,服务机器人在我国当前拥有广大的市场与广阔的前景。“例如,我们正在做智能护理设备的临床实验,可以进行各种生理参数的检测。”曲道奎强调,“未来,机器人可以在消防、救援、守护、医疗护理等公共服务等服务领域大有可为。”

山东省经信委装备产业处调研员王桂强认为,人工智能的兴起,可能会造成部分低技能劳动者失业。但也有专家认为,机器人的应用将创造更多高端就业机会。这可能包括:工业数据科学家、机器人协调员、工业工程师、模拟专家、供应链协调岗位、系统设计、信息技术、3D 辅助设计、现场服务工程师、销售与服务人员的需求。值得注意的是,这些新增的就业岗位专业性极强。

如何面对机器换人?

多数专家业者认为,虽然机器人对人工岗位造成一定影响,但完全没有必要过度紧张。

供职于广东长盈精密技术有限公司的王亚敏告诉记者,虽然自己的工作一度被机器人替换掉了,但通过2个月的培训,她已经重新上岗,从普工晋升成为技术员学员,甚至还加了薪。公司总经理助理罗卫强说,尽管大力推进“机器换人”,但是大部分员工都可以在公司内部得到消化,经过转岗培训后重新上岗。

“人类发明机器人的目的最早是代替人,然后发展到服务人,将来是扩展人。”华中科技大学机械科学与工程学院院长丁汉院士说,“目前,工业机器人大多在一些结构化的环境当中工作,在线传感能力都比较差。服务机器人目前还只能完成一些简单的任务。至于特种机器人,都是需要通过人工遥控操作完成特定工作。”?

智慧经济让平凡工作变得高大上

大数据、云计算、网络经济、人工智能……近年来伴随着这些新经济名词的炙手可热,智慧经济已成为中国经济转型升级的重要发展方向,不仅大幅提升生产效率和产品科技含量,也使得不少行业的作业方式发生深刻变化,过去普通劳动者从事的一些繁重“苦活儿”正变得愈发简便和“高大上”起来。

快递小哥省时省力

在韵达上海分拨中心,一件件快递从全自动化分拣流水线上流向各自的分拣格口滑入袋中。据介绍,该自动分拣流水线每小时可以处理2万余票快件,配备10余台供件台,近300个格口。

在韵达上海分拨中心干了10年快递分拣工作的石仁雨,真切感受到了近年来中国物流行业“黑科技”的惊人力量。他说,以前要靠人工记忆分拣,又慢又容易出错,现在都是依托大数据,机器人来分拣,大大减轻了工作量,准确率又高。

2016年,中国快递业务量完成313亿件左右,已牢牢锁定“第一快递大国”地位;而据不完全统计,目前中国快递员的数量已逾200万人。

电力工人不用爬高

彭星星是国网长春供电公司输电运检室的巡线员,日常工作就是行走于长春所有的6.6万伏高压线塔间,用望远镜探查线塔,寻找隐患。“最怕的就是一些故障需要登塔才能检查。”彭星星说,现在天气渐暖还好,冬天登塔是一件“痛苦”的事。“尽管有保护装置保障安全,但有时心里还是‘犯怵’。”

如今,彭星星不用再“打怵”了。“这是公司为巡线员配置的,可以代替人工爬梯。”彭星星和搭档每人手持一个遥控手柄,搭档操作无人机起飞,彭星星则通过遥控器操纵照相机,仔细探查塔上每处位置。过去人工登塔检查要1个小时左右,而现在无人机从地面飞到塔顶再返航,整个过程不到20分钟。

劳动者要提升技能

中国社会学会常务理事、浙江省社会学会会长杨建华表示,从农耕时代到工业时代,再到当下的智能时代,呈现出劳动者一步步自我解放的路径。过去主要靠超负荷、强体力的劳动来创造更高的经济价值,而在智慧经济时代,劳动者的技能、头脑和创意则显得尤为重要。杨建华指出,当前中国智慧经济正高速发展,与供给侧结构性改革也有重合之处,已经在不少行业中崭露头角。在“减负”的同时,智慧经济也势必要求劳动者不断提升技能,以驾驭人工智能、适应新经济形态。?

(原标题《多地推进“机器换人”,“机器人劳动者”将如何影响未来就业市场?》杰文津、马晓澄、陈灏/文)(完)

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